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Common Materials

Process Used Nomenclature Composition Hardness Max Thickness Temperature Limitation (°F) Finish Ground (in Ra) Bond Strength (psi) CTE (micro in./in./°F)
Comb. Wire 400 Series Stainless - #2 13% Cr, 0.5% Si, 0.5% Ni, 0.5% Mg, 0.35% C, 0.28% P, 0.02% S, Fe balance 33 HRC 0.125" 1000 16-32 5000 6.6
Comb. Wire Nickel Aluminide - Bond 80% Ni, 20% Al 22 HRC n/a 1200 16-20 3500 8.3
Plasma Aluminum Oxide 96% AL2O3, 2% TiO2 65 HRC 0.020" 1000 16-20 4500 4.1
Plasma Zirconium Oxide 92% ZrO2, 8% Y2O3 25-35 HRC 0.040" 1800 n/a n/a 5.9
Plasma Premium Chrome Oxide 92% Cr2O3, 3% TiO2, 5% SiO2 62-64 HRC 0.080" 1000 10-15 4000 5.0
Spray & Fuse Metco 12C, Colmonoy 4, Deloro® 40 77-87% Ni, 10-17% Cr, 3% B, 3% Si 35-40 HRC 0.060" 1500 16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 8.6
Spray & Fuse Metco 14E, Colmonoy 5, Deloro® 50 13.8% Cr, 2.1% B, 3.3% Si, 4.9% Fe, Ni-balance 48-52 HRC 0.060" 1500 16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 8.4
Spray & Fuse Colmonoy #6 Spray & Fuse 1% C, 15% Cr, 3.5% B, 3.75% Si, 4.25% Fe, Ni-balance 56-61 HRC 0.060" 1500 10-16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 8.1
Spray & Fuse Colmonoy #69 16.5% Cr, 5% Mo, 4.5% Si, 3.8% B, 3% Fe, 2.1% Cu, 0.55% C, Ni-balance 58-63 HRC 0.060" 1500 16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 8.0
Spray & Fuse Cobolt S/F Wallex 50 19% Cr, 18% Ni, 10% W, 3.5% B, 2.75% Si, 1% Fe, 0.8% C, Co-balance 56-61 HRC 0.060" 1800 16-32 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 9.0
Spray & Fuse Cobolt S/F Stellite® 6 19% Cr, 0.7% C, 2.3% Si, 3% Fe, 13.5% Ni, 1.7% B, 7.5% W, 1% Mn, Co-balance 41 HRC 0.060" 1800 10-16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 6.3
Spray & Fuse NiCrB / Tungsten Carbide
Bimetallic Carbide Material
17% W, 15% Cr, 4% Si, 3.5% Fe, 3% B, 0.8% C, Ni-balance 58-63 HRC 0.080" 1800 16 40000+ Metallurgical 8.2
Plasma MCrAlY 22% Cr, 10% Al, 1% Y, Ni-balance N/A N/A 1,800 N/A 6000+ 9.4
Plasma MCrAlY 32% Ni, 21% Cr, 8% Al, 0.5% Y, Co-balance N/A N/A 1900 N/A 6000+ 9.5
Plasma Nickel Aluminide 95% Ni, 5% Al 65-80 HRB 0.125" 1500 16 6000 8.0
Rokide Rokide "C" Rods / TX-603 90.33% Cr2O3, 3.67% Al2O3, 5.62% SiO2, 0.27% Fe2O3, 0.11% MgO 65 HRC 0.030" 1000 16 3500 5.0
Twin Wire Arc Aluminum Bronze 90% Cu, 9% Al, 1% Fe 65-68 HRB 0.250" 450 16 7000 9.0
Twin Wire Arc 420 Stainless Steel 0.3% C, 1% Ni, 1% Mn, 12-14% Cr, 0.08% Si, Fe-balance 40-43 HRC 0.125" 1000 16-32 5000 6.6
Twin Wire Arc Nickel Aluminide 95% Ni, 5% Al 55-80 HRB 0.100" 1500 16-32 9100 8.0
Twin Wire Arc Liquidmetal® Armacor™ M High Chrome Steel Alloy 1180 HV0.3 0.060" 1700 10 5775 6.0
HVOF Tribaloy® T-800 17.5% Cr, 28.5% Mo, 3% Ni & Fe, 3.4% Si, Co-balance 55 HRC 0.025" 1,800 16-32 10000+ 7.3
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Chrome / Nickel 73% WC, 20% Cr, 7% Ni 68-70 HRC 0.020" 1000 9-10 1-2 Lap 12000+ 5.4
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Cobalt / Chrome 85% WC, 11% Co, 4% Cr 68-70 HRC 0.020" 1000 16 1-2 Lap 12000+ 4.6
HVOF Nickel / Chrome / Boron 4% B, 5% C, 16.5% Cr, 3.5% Fe, 6.22% Mo, 3.5% Si, 2% Cu, Ni-balance 58-62 HRC 0.060" 1500 16 40000+ Fused Metallurgical 8.0
HVOF Chrome Carbide 9.6% C, 17.5% Ni, Cr-balance 64-68 HRC 0.040" 1800 16-32 2-4 Lap 12000+ 6.8
HVOF Nickel Chrome Boron (Bi and Tri-Metallic Hard Phases) 15% Cr, 0.8% C, 4% Si, 3.5% Fe, 13.5% Ni, 3% B, 17.3% W, Ni-balance 58-62 HRC 0.060" 1800 10-16 40000+ Metallurgical 8.2
HVOF Spray & Fuse Cobalt Base (Wallex 50) 19% Cr, 2.75% Si, 3.5% B, 10% W, 18% Ni, 1% Fe, Co-balance 58-60 HRC 0.060" 1800 16-20 40000+ Metallurgical 9.0
HVOF Fused Tungsten Carbide / Nickel Chrome Boron 45% W, 7% Cr, 3.4% C, 2% Fe, 1.3% B, 2.2% Si, Ni-balance 50-52 HRC 0.025" HVOF 0.040" Fused 1200 16-32 1-2 Lap 10000 (as sprayed) 40000 Metallurgical 4.8
HVOF Spray & Fuse Cobalt Base with Tungsten Carbide (Wallex 55) 19% Cr, 2.75% Si, 3.5% B, 10% W, 18% Ni, 1% Fe, Co-balance (50% WC / Cobalt 88/12 Agglomerated) 58-60 HRC 0.060" 1800 16-20 1-2 Lap 40000+ Metallurgical 7.0
HVOF MCrAlY 22% Cr, 10% Al, 1% Y, Ni-balance N/A N/A 1800 N/A 10000+ 9.4
HVOF MCrAlY 32% Ni, 21% Cr, 8% Al, 0.5% Y, Co-balance N/A N/A 1900 N/A 10000+ 9.5
HVOF Alloy 625 21% Cr, 3% Fe, 8% Mo, 3.5% Nb, 64% Ni, others-Balance 35-40 HRC 0.100" 1500 16-32 10000+ 8.2
HVOF Alloy 718 53% Ni, 19% Cr, 19% Fe, 5% Nb, 3% Mo 350-450 HV0.3 0.100" 1600 16-32 10000+ 8.4
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Cobalt 88% WC / 12% Co 66 HRC 0.030" 1000 10 1-2 Lap 10000 4.6
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Chrome Nickel 73% WC, 20% Cr, 7% Ni 68-70 HRC 0.040" 1000 16-32 1-2 Lap 12000+ 4.4
HVOF Hastelloy® C-276 15% Cr, 5% Fe, 16% Mo, 3% W, Ni-balance 35-40 HRC 0.100" 1500 16-32 10000+ 6.7
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Cobalt Chrome 11% Co, 4% Cr, 5% C, W-balance 68-70 HRC 0.040" 1000 16-32 1-2 Lap 12000+ 4.6
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Cobalt 83% WC, 17% Co 68-71 HRC 0.100" 1000 16-32 1-2 Lap 10000+ (Epoxy Break) 5.4
HVOF Tungsten Carbide / Nickel 90% WC, 10% Ni Macro -64 HRC/ Micro 1200 HV0.3 0.050" 1000 16 12000+ 4.5
HVOF Chrome Carbide 9.6% C, 17.5% Ni, Cr-balance (75Cr3C2-25NiCr) 66-70 HRC 0.040" 1800 16-32 2-4 Lap 12000+ 6.8